The Most Awesome Ancient Greek Names

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ACACIUS Ἀκάκιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of AKAKIOS.

ACHAIKOS Ἀχαϊκός m Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ACHAICUS.

ACHILLES Ἀχιλλεύς m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Achilleus), which is of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Greek ἄχος (achos) meaning “pain” or else from the name of the Achelous River. This was the name of a warrior in Greek legend, one of the central characters in Homer’s Iliad. The bravest of the Greek heroes in the war against the Trojans, he was eventually killed by an arrow to his heel, the only vulnerable part of his body.

ACHILLEUS Ἀχιλλεύς m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ACHILLES.

AESCHYLUS Αἰσχύλος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αἰσχύλος (Aischylos), derived from αἶσχος (aischos) meaning “shame”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian tragedian.

AESOP Αἴσωπος m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek Αἴσωπος (Aisopos), which is of unknown meaning. This was the name of a Greek fabulist of the 6th century BC, famous for such tales as The Tortoise and the Hare. Though his existence is uncertain, he was later said to have been a slave on the island of Samos.

AGAPE Ἀγάπη f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἀγάπη (agape) meaning “love”. This name was borne by at least two early saints.

AGAPETOS Ἀγαπητός m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of AGAPITO.

AGAPETUS Ἀγαπητός m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Agapetos (see AGAPITO).

AGAPIOS Ἀγάπιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Masculine form of AGAPE. This was the name of a saint from Caesarea who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.

AGATHA Ἀγαθή f English, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀγαθή (Agathe), derived from Greek ἀγαθός (agathos) meaning “good”. Saint Agatha was a 3rd-century martyr from Sicily who was tortured and killed after spurning the advances of a Roman official. The saint was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). The mystery writer Agatha Christie (1890-1976) was a famous modern bearer of this name.

AGATHE Ἀγαθή f French, German, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Greek
Form of AGATHA in several languages.

AGATHINOS Ἀγαθίνος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of AGATHINUS.

AGATHINUS Ἀγαθίνος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἀγαθίνος (Agathinos), derived from ἀγαθός (agathos) meaning “good”.

AGATHON Ἀγάθων m Ancient Greek
Greek masculine form of AGATHA.

AGNES Ἁγνή f English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἁγνή (Hagne), derived from Greek ἁγνός (hagnos) meaning “chaste”. Saint Agnes was a virgin martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. The name became associated with Latin agnus “lamb”, resulting in the saint’s frequent depiction with a lamb by her side. Due to her renown, the name became common in Christian Europe.

AIKATERINE Αἰκατερίνη f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of KATHERINE.

AISOPOS Αἴσωπος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of AESOP.

AKAKIOS Ἀκάκιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
From a Greek word meaning “innocent, not evil”, derived from ἀ (a), a negative prefix, combined with κάκη (kake) meaning “evil”. This was the name of three early saints, two of whom were martyred.

ALCAEUS Ἀλκαῖος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλκαῖος (Alkaios), derived from ἀλκή (alke) meaning “strength”. This was the name of a 7th-century BC lyric poet from the island of Lesbos.

ALCIBIADES Ἀλκιβιάδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλκιβιάδης (Alkibiades), derived from ἀλκή (alke) meaning “strength” and βία (bia) meaning “force” with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This was the name of a notable Greek statesman and general during the Peloponnesian War. He changed allegiance from Athens to Sparta and back again during the course of the war.

ALEXANDER Ἀλέξανδρος m English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλέξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant “defending men” from Greek ἀλέξω (alexo) meaning “to defend, help” and ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man” (genitive ἀνδρός). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, king of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.

ALEXANDRA Ἀλεξάνδρα f English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Catalan, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Feminine form of ALEXANDER. In Greek mythology this was a Mycenaean epithet of the goddess Hera, and an alternate name of Cassandra. It was borne by several early Christian saints, and also by the wife of Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia. She was from Germany and had the birth name Alix, but was renamed Александра (Aleksandra) upon joining the Russian Church.

ALEXANDROS Ἀλέξανδρος m Greek, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Greek Mythology
Greek form of ALEXANDER.

ALEXIOS Ἀλέξιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXIUS.

ALEXIS Ἄλεξις m & f German, French, English, Greek, Ancient Greek
From the Greek name Ἄλεξις (Alexis) meaning “helper” or “defender”, derived from Greek ἀλέξω (alexo) meaning “to defend, to help”. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek comic poet, and also of several saints. It is used somewhat interchangeably with the related name Ἀλέξιος or Alexius, borne by five Byzantine emperors. In the English-speaking world it is more commonly used as a feminine name.

ALEXIUS Ἀλέξιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλέξιος (Alexios), a derivative of Ἄλεξις (see ALEXIS). This was the name of five Byzantine emperors. It was also borne by a 5th-century Syrian saint who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.

ALKAIOS Ἀλκαῖος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALCAEUS.

ALKIBIADES Ἀλκιβιάδης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALCIBIADES.

AMBROSIA Ἀμβροσία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Ambrosios (see AMBROSE).

AMBROSIOS Ἀμβρόσιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of AMBROSE.

AMBROSIUS Ἀμβρόσιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of AMBROSIOS.

AMPELIOS Ἀμπέλιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of AMPELIO.

AMPELIUS Ἀμπέλιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ampelios (see AMPELIO).

AMYNTAS Ἀμύντας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἀμύντωρ (amyntor) meaning “defender”. This was the name of several kings of Macedon.

ANACLETUS Ἀνάκλητος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀνάκλητος (Anakletos), derived from ἀνάκλητος (anakletos) meaning “invoked”. This was the name of the third pope.

ANAKLETOS Ἀνάκλητος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANACLETUS.

ANASTASIA Ἀναστασία f Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, English, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Ancient Greek Feminine form of ANASTASIUS. This was the name of a 4th-century Dalmatian saint who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Due to her, the name has been common in Eastern Orthodox Christianity (in various spellings). As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the youngest daughter of the last Russian tsar Nicholas II, who was rumoured to have escaped the execution of her family in 1918.

ANASTASIOS Ἀναστάσιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANASTASIUS.

ANASTASIUS Ἀναστάσιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀναστάσιος (Anastasios), which meant “resurrection” from Greek ἀνάστασις (anastasis) (composed of the elements ἀνά (ana) meaning “up” and στάσις (stasis) meaning “standing”). This was the name of numerous early saints and martyrs, including a 7th-century monk and writer from Alexandria who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.

ANATOLIOS Ἀνατόλιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANATOLIUS.

ANATOLIUS Ἀνατόλιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἀνατόλιος (Anatolios), derived from ἀνατολή (anatole) meaning “sunrise”. Saint Anatolius was a 3rd-century philosopher from Alexandria.

ANAXAGORAS Ἀναξαγόρας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἄναξ (anax) meaning “master, lord” and ἀγορά (agora) meaning “assembly, marketplace”. This name was borne by a 5th-century BC Greek philosopher.

ANDREAS Ἀνδρέας m German, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Welsh, Ancient Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek and Latin form of ANDREW. It is also the form used in Modern Greek, German and Welsh.

ANDROCLES Ἀνδροκλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Ἀνδροκλῆς (Androkles) meaning “glory of a man”, derived from ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man” (genitive ἀνδρός) and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. This was the name of a man who pulled a thorn from a lion’s paw in one of Aesop’s fables.

ANDROKLES Ἀνδροκλῆς m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANDROCLES.

ANDRONICUS Ἀνδρόνικος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἀνδρόνικος (Andronikos) meaning “victory of a man”, from ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man” (genitive ἀνδρός) and νίκη (nike) meaning “victory”. Shakespeare used this name in his play Titus Andronicus (1593).

ANDRONIKOS Ἀνδρόνικος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANDRONICUS.
ANICETUS Ἀνίκητος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀνίκητος (Aniketos) meaning “unconquerable”. This was the name of an early pope.

ANIKETOS Ἀνίκητος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANICETUS.

ANTHOUSA Ἀνθοῦσα f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ANFISA.

ANTIGONOS Ἀντίγονος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANTIGONUS.

ANTIGONUS Ἀντίγονος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀντίγονος (Antigonos), derived from ἀντί (anti) meaning “against, compared to, like” and γονεύς (goneus) meaning “ancestor”. This was the name of one of Alexander the Great’s generals. After Alexander died, he took control of most of Asia Minor.

ANTIOCHOS Ἀντίοχος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANTIOCHUS.

ANTIOCHUS Ἀντίοχος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀντίοχος (Antiochos), derived from Greek ἀντί (anti) meaning “against, compared to, like” and ὀχή (oche) meaning “support”. This was the name of several rulers of the Seleucid Empire. It was also borne by a 2nd-century Christian martyr, the patron saint of Sardinia.

ANTIPATER Ἀντίπατρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀντίπατρος (Antipatros), which meant “like the father” from Greek ἀντί (anti) meaning “against, compared to, like” and πατήρ (pater) meaning “father” (genitive πατρός). This was the name of an officer of Alexander the Great who became the regent of Macedon during Alexander’s absence.

ANTIPATROS Ἀντίπατρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ANTIPATER.

APHRODISIA Ἀφροδισία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of APHRODISIOS.

APHRODISIOS Ἀφροδίσιος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess APHRODITE.

APOLLINARIS Ἀπολλινάρις m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from the name of the god APOLLO. This was the name of several early saints and martyrs, including a bishop of Ravenna and a bishop of Hierapolis.

APOLLODOROS Ἀπολλόδωρος m Ancient Greek
Means “gift of Apollo” from the name of the god APOLLO combined with Greek δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”.

APOLLONIA Ἀπολλωνία f Ancient Greek, Italian
Feminine form of APOLLONIOS. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr from Alexandria.

APOLLONIOS Ἀπολλώνιος m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek personal name that was derived from the name of the Greek god APOLLO. It was borne by a Greek poet of the 3rd century BC. Several saints have also had this name.

ARCADIUS Ἀρκάδιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of ARKADIOS.

ARCHELAOS Ἀρχέλαος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of ARCHELAUS.

ARCHELAUS Ἀρχέλαος m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀρχέλαος (Archelaos), which meant “master of the people” from ἀρχός (archos) meaning “master” and λαός (laos) meaning “people”. This was the name of a son of Herod the Great. He ruled over Judea, Samaria and Idumea.

ARCHIMEDES Ἀρχιμήδης m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements ἀρχός (archos) meaning “master” and μήδομαι (medomai) meaning “to think, to plan”. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek mathematician, astronomer and inventor.

ARCHIPPOS Ἄρχιππος m Ancient Greek
Means “master of horses” from the Greek elements ἀρχός (archos) meaning “master” and ἵππος (hippos) meaning “horse”.

ARETE Ἀρετή f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Means “virtue” in Greek. In Greek mythology Arete was the personification of virtue and excellence.

ARGYROS Ἄργυρος m Ancient Greek
Means “silver” in Greek.

ARISTARCHOS Ἀρίσταρχος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ARISTARCHUS.

ARISTARCHUS Ἀρίσταρχος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀρίσταρχος (Aristarchos), derived from ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and ἀρχός (archos) meaning “master”. This name was borne by Aristarchus of Samos, a 3rd-century BC Greek astronomer and mathematician.

ARISTEIDES Ἀριστείδης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ARISTIDES.

ARISTIDES Ἀριστείδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Portuguese
From the Greek name Ἀριστείδης (Aristeides), derived from ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This name was borne by the 5th-century BC Athenian statesman Aristides the Just, who was renowned for his integrity. It was also the name of a 2nd-century saint.

ARISTOCLES Ἀριστοκλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀριστοκλῆς (Aristokles) meaning “the best glory”, derived from ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. This was the real name of the philosopher Plato.

ARISTODEMOS Ἀριστόδημος m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from the Greek elements ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and δῆμος (demos) meaning “the people”. This was the name of a descendant of Herakles in Greek legend.

ARISTOKLES Ἀριστοκλῆς m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ARISTOCLES.

ARISTOMACHE Ἀριστομάχη f Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and μάχη (mache) meaning “battle”.

ARISTON Ἀρίστων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “the best”.

ARISTOPHANES Ἀριστοφάνης m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and φανής (phanes) meaning “appearing”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian playwright.

ARISTOTELES Ἀριστοτέλης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ARISTOTLE.

ARISTOTLE Ἀριστοτέλης m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ἀριστοτέλης (Aristoteles) meaning “the best purpose”, derived from ἄριστος (aristos) meaning “best” and τέλος (telos) meaning “purpose, aim”. This was the name of a Greek philosopher of the 4th century BC who made lasting contributions to Western thought, including the fields of logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology.

ARKADIOS Ἀρκάδιος m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name meaning “of Arcadia”. Arcadia was a region in Greece, its name deriving from ἄρκτος (arktos) meaning “bear”. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr.

ARSENIOS Ἀρσένιος m Ancient Greek
Means “virile” in Greek. Saint Arsenius was a 5th-century deacon who was tutor to the two sons of the Roman emperor Theodosius. The two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, divided the empire into eastern and western halves upon their father’s death.

ARSENIUS Ἀρσένιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of ARSENIOS.

ARTEMIDOROS Ἀρτεμίδωρος m Ancient Greek
Means “gift of Artemis” from the name of the goddess ARTEMIS combined with Greek δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”. This was the name of a Greek author of the 2nd century who wrote about the interpretation of dreams.

ARTEMIOS Ἀρτέμιος m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS. This was the name of a 4th-century general in the Roman army who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church.

ARTEMISIA Ἀρτεμισία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.

ARTEMISIOS Ἀρτεμίσιος m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS.

ARTEMIUS Ἀρτέμιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of ARTEMIOS.

ARTEMON Ἀρτέμων m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS.

ASCLEPIADES Ἀσκληπιάδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of ASKLEPIADES.

ASKLEPIADES Ἀσκληπιάδης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name that was derived from the name of the Greek god ASKLEPIOS combined with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). It was borne by several Greek physicians.

ASPASIA Ἀσπασία f Ancient Greek, Greek
Derived from Greek ἀσπάσιος (aspasios) meaning “welcome, embrace”. This was the name of the lover of Pericles (5th century BC).

ATHANAS Ἀθανᾶς m Ancient Greek
Short form of Athanasios (see ATHANASIUS).

ATHANASIA Ἀθανασία f Greek, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Athanasios (see ATHANASIUS).

ATHANASIOS Ἀθανάσιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ATHANASIUS.

ATHANASIUS Ἀθανάσιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ἀθανάσιος (Athanasios) meaning “immortal”, from Greek ἀ (a), a negative prefix, combined with θάνατος (thanatos) meaning “death”. Saint Athanasius was a 4th-century bishop of Alexandria who strongly opposed Arianism.

ATHENAIS Ἀθηναΐς f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ATHENA.

ATTICUS Ἀττικός m Literature, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἀττικός (Attikos) meaning “from Attica”, referring to the region surrounding Athens in Greece. This name was borne by a few notable Greeks from the Roman period (or Romans of Greek background). The author Harper Lee used the name in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960) for an Alabama lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman.

ATTIKOS Ἀττικός m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ATTICUS.

AUXENTIOS Αὐξέντιος m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek αὐξάνω (auxano) meaning “to increase, to grow”. This name was borne by a few early saints.

AUXENTIUS Αὐξέντιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of AUXENTIOS.

BASILEIOS Βασίλειος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of BASIL (1).

BASILIUS Βασίλειος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Basileios (see BASIL (1)).

BERENICE Βερενίκη f English, Italian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Βερενίκη (Berenike), the Macedonian form of the Greek name Φερενίκη (Pherenike), which meant “bringing victory” from φέρω (phero) meaning “to bring” and νίκη (nike) meaning “victory”. This name was common among the Ptolemy ruling family of Egypt, a dynasty that was originally from Macedon. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament (in most English Bibles it is spelled Bernice) belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II. As an English name, Berenice came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

BERENIKE Βερενίκη f Ancient Greek
Ancient Macedonian form of BERENICE.

BION Βίων m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from βίος (bios) meaning “life”.

CALLIAS Καλλίας m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of KALLIAS.

CASSANDER Κάσσανδρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Κάσσανδρος (Kassandros), the masculine form of CASSANDRA. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC king of Macedon.

CHARES Χάρης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek χάρις (charis) meaning “grace, kindness”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Athenian general. It was also borne by the sculptor who crafted the Colossus of Rhodes.

CHARIKLEIA Χαρίκλεια f Greek, Ancient Greek
From Greek χάρις (charis) meaning “grace, kindness” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. This is the name of the heroine of the 3rd-century novel Aethiopica by Heliodorus of Emesa, about the love between Chariclea and Theagenes.

CHARIS Χάρις f Ancient Greek, English (Rare)
Feminine form of CHARES. It came into use as an English given name in the 17th century.

CHARITON Χαρίτων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek χάρις (charis) meaning “grace, kindness”. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek novelist.

CHARMION Χάρμιον f Ancient Greek
Greek name derived from χάρμα (charma) meaning “delight”. This was the name of one of Cleopatra’s servants, as recorded by Plutarch.

CHLOE Χλόη f English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means “green shoot” in Greek, referring to new plant growth in the spring. This was an epithet of the Greek goddess Demeter. The name is also mentioned by Paul in one of his epistles in the New Testament. As an English name, Chloe has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

CHRYSANTHE Χρυσάνθη f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of CHRYSANTHOS.

CHRYSANTHOS Χρύσανθος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Means “golden flower” from Greek χρύσεος (chryseos) meaning “golden” combined with ἄνθος (anthos) meaning “flower”. This name was borne by a semi-legendary 3rd-century Egyptian saint.

CLEISTHENES Κλεισθένης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Κλεισθένης (Kleisthenes), derived from κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory” and σθένος (sthenos) meaning “strength”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian statesman and reformer. He helped establish democracy in Athens.

CLEITUS Κλεῖτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of KLEITOS.

CLEON Κλέων m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Κλέων (Kleon), a Greek name derived from κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”.

CLEOPATRA Κλεοπάτρα f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κλεοπάτρα (Kleopatra) meaning “glory of the father”, derived from κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory” combined with πατήρ (pater) meaning “father” (genitive πατρός). This was the name of queens of Egypt from the Ptolemaic royal family, including Cleopatra VII, the mistress of both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. After being defeated by Augustus she committed suicide by allowing herself to be bitten by an asp. Shakespeare’s tragedy Antony and Cleopatra (1606) tells the story of her life.

CLÉOPÂTRE f Ancient Greek (French)
French form of CLEOPATRA.

CLISTHENES Κλεισθένης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Variant of CLEISTHENES.

CLITUS Κλεῖτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of KLEITOS.

CORINNA Κορίννα f German, Italian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Κορίννα (Korinna), which was derived from κόρη (kore) meaning “maiden”. This was the name of a Greek lyric poet of the 5th century BC. The Roman poet Ovid used it for the main female character in his book Amores. In the modern era it has been in use since the 17th century, when Robert Herrick used it in his poem Corinna’s going a-Maying.

COSMAS Κοσμᾶς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κοσμᾶς (Kosmas), which was derived from κόσμος (kosmos) meaning “order, decency”. Saint Cosmas was martyred with his twin brother Damian in the 4th century. They are the patron saints of physicians.

CYRILLUS Κύριλλος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of KYRILLOS.

CYRUS Κῦρος m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κῦρος (Kyros), the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush, which may mean “far sighted” or “young”. The name is sometimes associated with Greek κύριος (kyrios) meaning “lord”. It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.

DAMIANOS Δαμιανός m Ancient Greek
Greek form of DAMIAN.

DAMIANUS Δαμιανός m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of DAMIANOS.

DAREIOS Δαρεῖος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of DARIUS.

DEMETRIA Δημητρία f Ancient Greek, English
Feminine form of DEMETRIUS.

DEMETRIOS Δημήτριος m Ancient Greek, Greek
Ancient Greek form of DEMETRIUS, as well as an alternate transcription of the Modern Greek form Dimitrios.

DEMETRIUS Δημήτριος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Δημήτριος (Demetrios), which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess DEMETER (1). Kings of Macedon and the Seleucid kingdom have had this name. This was also the name of several early saints including a Saint Demetrius who was martyred in the 4th century.

DEMOCRITUS Δημόκριτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Δημόκριτος (Demokritos), a Greek name meaning “judge of the people” from the elements δῆμος (demos) meaning “the people” and κριτής (krites) meaning “judge, critic”. This was the name of a Greek philosopher, the creator of the atomic theory.

DEMOKRITOS Δημόκριτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of DEMOCRITUS.

DEMON Δήμων m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from δῆμος (demos) meaning “the people”.

DEMOSTHENES Δημοσθένης m Ancient Greek
Means “vigour of the people” from Greek δῆμος (demos) meaning “the people” and σθένος (sthenos) meaning “vigour, strength”. This was the name of both an Athenian general of the 5th century and an Athenian orator of the 4th century.

DEMOSTRATE Δημοστράτη f Ancient Greek
Means “army of the people”, derived from the Greek elements δῆμος (demos) meaning “the people” and στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”.

DIOCLES Διοκλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of DIOKLES.

DIODOROS Διόδωρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of DIODORUS.

DIODORUS Διόδωρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Διόδωρος (Diodoros) meaning “gift of Zeus”, derived from the elements Διός (Dios) meaning “of ZEUS” and δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”. This was the name of a 1st-century BC Greek historian.

DIODOTOS Διόδοτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of DIODOTUS.

DIODOTUS Διόδοτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Διόδοτος (Diodotos), a Greek name meaning “given by Zeus” from Διός (Dios) meaning “of ZEUS” and δοτός (dotos) meaning “given”.

DIOGENES Διογένης m Ancient Greek
Means “born of Zeus” from Greek Διός (Dios) meaning “of ZEUS” and γενής (genes) meaning “born”. This was the name of a Greek Cynic philosopher.

DIOKLES Διοκλῆς m Ancient Greek
Means “glory of Zeus” from Greek Διός (Dios) meaning “of ZEUS” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”.
DION Δίων m Ancient Greek, English
Short form of DIONYSIOS and other Greek names beginning with the Greek element Διός (Dios) meaning “of ZEUS”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC tyrant of Syracuse. It has been used as an American given name since the middle of the 20th century.

DIONYSIOS Διονύσιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek personal name derived from the name of the Greek god DIONYSOS. Famous bearers include two early tyrants of Syracuse and a 1st-century BC Greek rhetorician.

DIONYSIUS Διονύσιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical
Latin form of DIONYSIOS. Dionysius the Areopagite, who is mentioned in the New Testament, was a judge converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. This was also the name of many other early saints, including a 3rd-century pope.

DIONYSODOROS Διονυσόδωρος m Ancient Greek
Means “gift of Dionysos” from the name of the god DIONYSOS combined with Greek δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”.

DORIS Δωρίς f English, German, Croatian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
From the Greek name Δωρίς (Doris), which meant “Dorian woman”. The Dorians were a Greek tribe who occupied the Peloponnese starting in the 12th century BC. In Greek mythology Doris was a sea nymph, one of the many children of Oceanus and Tethys. It began to be used as an English name in the 19th century. A famous bearer is the American actress Doris Day (1924-2019).

DRACO Δράκων m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Δράκων (Drakon), which meant “dragon, serpent”. This was the name of a 7th-century BC Athenian legislator. This is also the name of a constellation in the northern sky.

DRAKON Δράκων m Ancient Greek
Greek form of DRACO.

EIRENAIOS Εἰρηναῖος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of IRENAEUS.

EIRENE Εἰρήνη f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of IRENE.

ELPIS Ἐλπίς f Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means “hope” in Greek. In Greek mythology Elpis was the personification of hope. She was the last spirit to remain in the jar after Pandora unleashed the evils that were in it.

EPAPHRAS Ἐπαφράς m Biblical, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Derived from Greek ἔπαφρος (epaphros) meaning “foamy”. In the New Testament this is the name of one of Paul’s co-workers.

EPAPHRODITOS Ἐπαφρόδιτος m Ancient Greek
Means “lovely, charming”, derived from Greek ἐπι (epi) meaning “on” combined with the name of the Greek love goddess APHRODITE.

EPIKTETOS Ἐπίκτητος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning “newly acquired”. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek stoic philosopher.

EPIPHANES Ἐπιφανής m Ancient Greek
Means “appearing, manifesting” in Greek. This was an epithet of two 2nd-century BC Hellenistic rulers: the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy V.

EPIPHANIOS Ἐπιφάνιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EPIFANIO.

EPIPHANIUS Ἐπιφάνιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Epiphanios (see EPIFANIO).

ERASMOS Ἔρασμος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ERASMUS.

ERASTOS Ἔραστος m Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ERASTUS.

EUANTHE Εὐάνθη f Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek εὐανθής (euanthes) meaning “blooming, flowery”, a derivative of εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and ἄνθος (anthos) meaning “flower”. According to some sources, this was the name of the mother of the three Graces or Χάριτες (Charites) in Greek mythology.

EUARISTOS Εὐάριστος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EVARISTUS.

EUCLID Εὐκλείδης m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Εὐκλείδης (Eukleides), derived from Greek εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory” with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek mathematician from Alexandria who made numerous contributions to geometry.

EUCLIDES Εὐκλείδης m Portuguese, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of EUCLID.

EUDOCIA Εὐδοκία f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐδοκία (Eudokia), derived from the word εὐδοκέω (eudokeo) meaning “to be well pleased, to be satisfied”, itself derived from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and δοκέω (dokeo) meaning “to think, to imagine, to suppose”. This name was common among Byzantine royalty. Saint Eudocia was the wife of the 5th-century emperor Theodosius II.

EUDOKIA Εὐδοκία f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of EUDOCIA.

EUDOXIA Εὐδοξία f Ancient Greek
From Greek εὐδοξία (eudoxia) meaning “good repute, good judgement”, itself from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and δόξα (doxa) meaning “notion, reputation, honour”.

EUDOXOS Εὔδοξος m Ancient Greek
From Greek εὔδοξος (eudoxos) meaning “of good repute, honoured”, itself from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and δόξα (doxa) meaning “notion, reputation, honour”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek mathematician and astronomer.

EUGENEIA Εὐγένεια f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek feminine form of EUGENE.

EUGENIA Εὐγένεια f Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Polish, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Feminine form of Eugenius (see EUGENE). It was borne by a semi-legendary 3rd-century saint who escaped persecution by disguising herself as a man. The name was occasionally found in England during the Middle Ages, but it was not regularly used until the 19th century.

EUGENIOS Εὐγένιος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of EUGENE.

EUGENIUS Εὐγένιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Eugenios (see EUGENE).

EUKLEIDES Εὐκλείδης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUCLID.

EULALIA Εὐλαλία f Spanish, Italian, English, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek εὔλαλος (eulalos) meaning “sweetly-speaking”, itself from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and λαλέω (laleo) meaning “to talk”. This was the name of an early 4th-century saint and martyr from Merida in Spain. She is a patron saint of Barcelona.

EUMELIA Εὐμελία f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek εὐμέλεια (eumeleia) meaning “melody”.

EUNIKE Εὐνίκη f Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUNICE.

EUPHEMIA Εὐφημία f Ancient Greek, English (Archaic)
Means “to use words of good omen” from Greek εὐφημέω (euphemeo), a derivative of εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and φημί (phemi) meaning “to speak, to declare”. Saint Euphemia was an early martyr from Chalcedon.

EUPHEMIOS Εὐφήμιος m Ancient Greek
Masculine form of EUPHEMIA.

EUPHRANOR Εὐφράνωρ m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek εὐφραίνω (euphraino) meaning “to delight”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Athenian artist.

EUPHRASIA Εὐπρασία f Ancient Greek
Means “good cheer” in Greek.

EUPRAXIA Εὐπραξία f Ancient Greek
From a Greek word meaning “good conduct”, derived from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and πρᾶξις (praxis) meaning “action, exercise”.

EURIPIDES Εὐριπίδης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek Εὔριπος (Euripos), referring to the strait between Euboea and Boeotia, combined with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet.

EUSEBIOS Εὐσέβιος m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek εὐσεβής (eusebes) meaning “pious”, itself derived from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and σέβω (sebo) meaning “to worship, to honour”. This was the name of several saints.

EUSEBIUS Εὐσέβιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of EUSEBIOS. This was the name of a 4th-century historian of the Christian church.

EUSTACHYS Εὔσταχυς m Ancient Greek
Means “fruitful” in Greek. It is ultimately from the elements εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and στάχυς (stachys) meaning “ear of corn”.

EUSTATHIOS Εὐστάθιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUSTATHIUS.

EUSTATHIUS Εὐστάθιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Εὐστάθιος (Eustathios), derived from the Greek word εὐσταθής (eustathes) meaning “well-built, stable”. It is ultimately from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and ἵστημι (histemi) meaning “to stand, to set up”. This was the name of a few early saints, including the 2nd-century martyr also known as Eustachius (see EUSTACE).

EUSTORGIOS Εὐστόργιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUSTORGIO.

EUSTORGIUS Εὐστόργιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Eustorgios (see EUSTORGIO).

EUTHALIA Εὐθαλία f Ancient Greek
Means “flower, bloom” from the Greek word εὐθάλεια (euthaleia), itself derived from εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and θάλλω (thallo) meaning “to blossom”.

EUTHYMIA Εὐθυμία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of EUTHYMIUS.

EUTHYMIOS Εὐθύμιος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of EUTHYMIUS.

EUTHYMIUS Εὐθύμιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐθύμιος (Euthymios) meaning “in good spirits, generous”, derived from the word εὔθυμος (euthymos), which was composed of the elements εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and θυμός (thymos) meaning “soul, spirit”. This was the name of several early saints.

EUTROPIA Εὐτροπία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Eutropios (see EUTROPIUS).

EUTROPIOS Εὐτρόπιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUTROPIUS.

EUTROPIUS Εὐτρόπιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐτρόπιος (Eutropios), which was derived from the word εὔτροπος (eutropos) meaning “versatile”, formed of the elements εὖ (eu) meaning “good” and τρόπος (tropos) meaning “direction, manner, fashion”.

EUTYCHIA Εὐτυχία f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Eutychios (see EUTYCHIUS).

EUTYCHIOS Εὐτύχιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of EUTYCHIUS.

EUTYCHIUS Εὐτύχιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐτύχιος (Eutychios), a variant of Eutychos (see EUTYCHUS). This was the name of several early saints and martyrs.

EUTYCHOS Εὔτυχος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of EUTYCHUS.

EVARISTUS Εὐάριστος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐάριστος (Euaristos) meaning “well pleasing” from the Greek word εὐάρεστος (euarestos), derived from εὖ (eu) meaning “good, well” and ἀρεστός (arestos) meaning “pleasing”. This was the name of the fifth pope, supposedly martyred under Emperor Hadrian.

GAIANA Γαϊανή f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Γαϊανή (Gaiane), a derivative of GAIA. This was the name of a (perhaps fictional) martyr who was killed in Armenia during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian in the late 3rd century.

GAIANE Γαϊανή f Ancient Greek
Greek form of GAIANA.

GAIOS Γάϊος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of GAIUS.

GALENE Γαλήνη f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek feminine form of GALEN.

GALENOS Γαληνός m Ancient Greek
Greek form of GALEN.

GENNADIOS Γεννάδιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of GENNADIUS.

GENNADIUS Γεννάδιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Γεννάδιος (Gennadios), which was derived from Greek γεννάδας (gennadas) meaning “noble, generous”. Saint Gennadius was an early martyr from North Africa.

GEORGIOS Γεώργιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of GEORGE.

GEORGIUS Γεώργιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of GEORGIOS.

GLAPHYRA Γλαφύρα f Ancient Greek
From Greek γλαφυρός (glaphyros) meaning “polished, subtle”.

HAGNE Ἁγνή f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of AGNES.

HELENA Ἑλένη f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene, Croatian, Sorbian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinate form of HELEN.

HELENE Ἑλένη f Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Ancient Greek form of HELEN, as well as the modern Scandinavian and German form.

HELIODOROS Ἡλιόδωρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HELIODORO.

HERACLEITUS Ἡράκλειτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Variant of HERACLITUS.

HERACLIDES Ἡρακλείδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of HERAKLEIDES.

HERACLITUS Ἡράκλειτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἡράκλειτος (Herakleitos) meaning “glory of Hera”, derived from the name of the goddess HERA combined with κλειτός (kleitos) meaning “glory”. This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher from Ephesus.

HERACLIUS Ἡράκλειος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek personal name Ἡράκλειος (Herakleios), which was derived from the name of the Greek hero HERAKLES. This was the name of a 7th-century Byzantine emperor, known for his victories over the Sassanid Persian Empire. This name was also borne by two early saints.

HERAIS Ἡραΐς f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name that was probably derived from the name of the Greek goddess HERA.

HERAKLEIDES Ἡρακλείδης m Ancient Greek
Means “son of Herakles” in Greek, derived from the name of the mythic hero HERAKLES combined with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides).

HERAKLEIOS Ἡράκλειος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HERACLIUS.

HERAKLEITOS Ἡράκλειτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HERACLITUS.

HERMAGORAS Ἑρμαγόρας m Ancient Greek
From the name of the messenger god HERMES combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora) meaning “assembly, marketplace”. Saint Hermagoras (3rd century) was the first bishop of Aquileia in Italy.

HERMES Ἑρμῆς m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Probably from Greek ἕρμα (herma) meaning “cairn, pile of stones, boundary marker”. Hermes was a Greek god associated with speed and good luck, who served as a messenger to Zeus and the other gods. He was also the patron of travellers, writers, athletes, merchants, thieves and orators…. [more]

HERMOGENES Ἑρμογένης m Ancient Greek
Means “born of Hermes” from the name of the messenger god HERMES combined with Greek γενής (genes) meaning “born”.

HERMOKRATES Ἑρμοκράτης m Ancient Greek
Means “power of Hermes” from the name of the messenger god HERMES combined with Greek κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”.

HERMOLAOS Ἑρμόλαος m Ancient Greek
Means “the people of Hermes” from the name of the messenger god HERMES combined with Greek λαός (laos) meaning “people”.

HERO (2) Ἥρων m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of HERON.

HERODOTOS Ἡρόδοτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HERODOTUS.

HERODOTUS Ἡρόδοτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἡρόδοτος (Herodotos), derived from the name of the goddess HERA combined with δοτός (dotos) meaning “given, granted”. Herodotus was a Greek historian of the 5th century BC who wrote the Histories, a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. He is known as the Father of History.

HEROIDES Ἡρώιδης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of HEROD.

HEROIDIAS Ἡρωιδιάς f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of HERODIAS.

HEROIDION Ἡρωιδίων m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of HERODION.

HERON Ἥρων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἥρως (heros) meaning “hero”. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek inventor (also known as Hero) from Alexandria.

HESIOD Ἡσίοδος m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ἡσίοδος (Hesiodos), which probably meant “to throw song” from ἵημι (hiemi) meaning “to throw, to speak” and ᾠδή (ode) meaning “song, ode”. This was the name of an 8th-century BC Greek poet.

HESIODOS Ἡσίοδος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HESIOD.

HESPEROS Ἕσπερος m Ancient Greek
Means “evening” in Greek. This was the name of the personification of the Evening Star (the planet Venus) in Greek mythology.

HIERONYMOS Ἱερώνυμος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of JEROME.

HIERONYMUS Ἱερώνυμος m Ancient Greek (Latinized), German (Archaic), Dutch (Archaic)
Latin form of JEROME, formerly common in Germany and the Netherlands. Hieronymus Bosch was a 15th-century Dutch painter known for his depictions of the torments of hell.

HILARION Ἱλαρίων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἱλαρός (hilaros) meaning “cheerful”. This was the name of a 4th-century saint, a disciple of Saint Anthony.

HIPPOCRATES Ἱπποκράτης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἱπποκράτης (Hippokrates) meaning “horse power”, derived from the elements ἵππος (hippos) meaning “horse” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek doctor who is known as the Father of Medicine.

HIPPOKRATES Ἱπποκράτης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HIPPOCRATES.

HIPPOLYTOS Ἱππόλυτος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Means “freer of horses” from Greek ἵππος (hippos) meaning “horse” and λύω (luo) meaning “to loosen”. In Greek legend he was the son of Theseus who was tragically loved by his stepmother Phaedra. This was also the name of a 3rd-century theologian, saint and martyr.

HOMER Ὅμηρος m English, Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ὅμηρος (Homeros), derived from ὅμηρος (homeros) meaning “hostage, pledge”. Homer was the Greek epic poet who wrote the Iliad, about the Trojan War, and the Odyssey, about Odysseus’s journey home after the war. There is some debate about when he lived, or if he was even a real person, though most scholars place him in the 8th century BC. In the modern era, Homer has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world (chiefly in America) since the 18th century. This name is borne by the cartoon father on the television series The Simpsons.

HOMEROS Ὅμηρος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of HOMER.
HYACINTHUS Ὑάκινθος m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ὑάκινθος (Hyakinthos), which was derived from the name of the hyacinth flower. In Greek legend Hyakinthos was accidentally killed by the god Apollo, who mournfully caused this flower to arise from his blood. The name was also borne by several early saints, notably a 3rd-century martyr who was killed with his brother Protus.

HYAKINTHOS Ὑάκινθος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of HYACINTHUS.

HYGINOS Ὑγῖνος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of HYGINUS.

HYGINUS Ὑγῖνος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ὑγῖνος (Hyginos), a Greek name derived from ὑγιεινός (hygieinos) meaning “healthy”. This was the name of the ninth pope.

HYPATIA Ὑπατία f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ὕπατος (hypatos) meaning “highest, supreme”. Hypatia of Alexandria was a 5th-century philosopher and mathematician, daughter of the mathematician Theon.

HYPATOS Ὕπατος m Ancient Greek
Masculine form of HYPATIA.
IASON Ἰάσων m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Greek form of JASON.

IRENAEUS Εἰρηναῖος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εἰρηναῖος (Eirenaios), which meant “peaceful”. Saint Irenaeus was an early bishop of Lyons for whom the Greek island of Santorini is named.

IRENE Εἰρήνη f English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German, Dutch, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Εἰρήνη (Eirene), derived from a word meaning “peace”. This was the name of the Greek goddess who personified peace, one of the Ὥραι (Horai). It was also borne by several early Christian saints. The name was common in the Byzantine Empire, notably being borne by an 8th-century empress, who was the first woman to lead the empire. She originally served as regent for her son, but later had him killed and ruled alone…. [more]

IRENEUS Εἰρηναῖος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Variant of IRENAEUS.

ISIDORA Ἰσιδώρα f Spanish, Portuguese, Serbian, Russian (Rare), Italian (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ISIDORE. This was the name of a 4th-century Egyptian saint and hermitess.

ISIDOROS Ἰσίδωρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ISIDORE.

ISOCRATES Ἰσοκράτης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἰσοκράτης (Isokrates) meaning “equal power”, derived from ἴσος (isos) meaning “equal” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Athenian orator.

ISOKRATES Ἰσοκράτης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ISOCRATES.

KALLIAS Καλλίας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek κάλλος (kallos) meaning “beauty”. This was the name of an Athenian who fought at Marathon who later became an ambassador to the Persians.

KALLIKRATES Καλλικράτης m Ancient Greek
Means “beautiful power”, derived from the Greek elements κάλλος (kallos) meaning “beauty” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”.

KALLISTO Καλλιστώ f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek κάλλιστος (kallistos) meaning “most beautiful”, a derivative of καλός (kalos) meaning “beautiful”. In Greek mythology Kallisto was a nymph who was loved by Zeus. She was changed into a she-bear by Hera, and subsequently became the Great Bear constellation. This was also an ancient Greek personal name.

KALLISTOS Κάλλιστος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of CALLISTUS.

KALLISTRATE Καλλιστράτη f Ancient Greek
Means “beautiful army” from the Greek elements κάλλος (kallos) meaning “beauty” and στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”.

KARPOS Καρπός m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of CARPUS.

KASSANDRA Κασσάνδρα f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, English (Modern)
Greek form of CASSANDRA, as well as a modern English variant.

KASSANDROS Κάσσανδρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of CASSANDER.

KLEISTHENES Κλεισθένης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of CLEISTHENES.

KLEITOS Κλεῖτος m Ancient Greek
Means “splendid, famous” in Greek. This was the name of one of the generals of Alexander the Great. He was killed by Alexander in a dispute.

KLEON Κλέων m Ancient Greek
Greek form of CLEON.

KLEOPATRA Κλεοπάτρα f Ancient Greek
Greek form of CLEOPATRA.

KLEOPATROS Κλεόπατρος m Ancient Greek
Greek masculine form of CLEOPATRA.

KORINNA Κορίννα f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of CORINNA.

KOSMAS Κοσμᾶς m Ancient Greek
Greek form of COSMAS.

KYRIAKOS Κυριακός m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of CYRIACUS.

KYRILLOS Κύριλλος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of CYRIL.

KYROS Κῦρος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of CYRUS.

LEON Λέων m English, German, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Dutch, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λέων (leon) meaning “lion”. During the Christian era this Greek name was merged with the Latin cognate Leo, with the result that the two forms are used somewhat interchangeably across European languages. In England during the Middle Ages this was a common name among Jews. A famous bearer was Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), a Russian Communist revolutionary.

LEONIDAS Λεωνίδας m Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λέων (leon) meaning “lion” combined with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). Leonidas was a Spartan king of the 5th century BC who sacrificed his life and his army defending the pass of Thermopylae from the Persians. This was also the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr, the father of Origen, from Alexandria.

LEONTIOS Λεόντιος m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λέων (leon) meaning “lion”. This was the name of various early saints and martyrs. It was also borne by a 7th-century Byzantine emperor.

LEONTIUS Λεόντιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of LEONTIOS.

LIGEIA Λιγεία f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek λιγύς (ligys) meaning “clear-voiced, shrill, whistling”. This was the name of one of the Sirens in Greek legend. It was also used by Edgar Allan Poe in his story Ligeia (1838).

LINOS Λίνος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of LINUS.

LINUS Λίνος m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized), German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From the Greek name Λίνος (Linos) meaning “flax”. In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter in the 1st century. In modern times this was the name of a character in Charles Schulz’s comic strip Peanuts.

LOUKIANOS Λουκιανός m Ancient Greek
Greek form of LUCIANUS.

LYCURGUS Λυκοῦργος m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυκοῦργος (Lykourgos), derived from λύκος (lykos) meaning “wolf” and ἔργον (ergon) meaning “work, deed”. In Greek legend this was the name of a king who was driven mad by the gods because of his impiety. This was also the name of a Spartan legislator of the 9th century BC.

LYCUS Λύκος m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λύκος (Lykos) meaning “wolf”. This name was borne by several characters in Greek mythology including a legendary ruler of Thebes.

LYDOS Λυδός m Ancient Greek
Meaning unknown. This was the name of the semi-legendary king who gave his name to the region of Lydia in Asia Minor.

LYKOS Λύκος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYCUS.

LYKOURGOS Λυκοῦργος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYCURGUS.

LYSANDER Λύσανδρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λύσανδρος (Lysandros), derived from Greek λύσις (lysis) meaning “a release” and ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man” (genitive ἀνδρός). This was the name of a notable 5th-century BC Spartan general and naval commander.

LYSANDRA Λυσάνδρα f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Lysandros (see LYSANDER).

LYSANDROS Λύσανδρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYSANDER.

LYSIMACHOS Λυσίμαχος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of LYSIMACHUS.

LYSIMACHUS Λυσίμαχος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Λυσίμαχος (Lysimachos), derived from λύσις (lysis) meaning “a release, loosening” and μάχη (mache) meaning “battle”. This was the name of one of the generals under Alexander the Great. After Alexander’s death Lysimachus took control of Thrace.

LYSISTRATA Λυσιστράτη f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of LYSISTRATE.

LYSISTRATE Λυσιστράτη f Ancient Greek
Derived from λύσις (lysis) meaning “a release, loosening” and στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”. This is the name of a comedy by the Greek playwright Aristophanes.
MARKOS Μᾶρκος m Greek, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Marcus (see MARK).

MELANTHIOS Μελάνθιος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μέλας (melas) meaning “black, dark” and ἄνθος (anthos) meaning “flower”. In Homer’s epic the Odyssey this is the name of an insolent goatherd killed by Odysseus.

MELISSA Μέλισσα f English, Dutch, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means “bee” in Greek. In Greek mythology this was the name of a daughter of Procles, as well as an epithet of various Greek nymphs and priestesses. According to the early Christian writer Lactantius this was the name of the sister of the nymph Amalthea, with whom she cared for the young Zeus. Later it appears in Ludovico Ariosto’s 1516 poem Orlando Furioso belonging to the fairy who helps Ruggiero escape from the witch Alcina. As an English given name, Melissa has been used since the 18th century.

MELITON Μελίτων m Ancient Greek, Georgian
Derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning “honey” (genitive μέλιτος). This was the name of a 2nd-century bishop of Sardis who is regarded as a saint in the Orthodox Church.

MELITTA Μέλιττα f Ancient Greek, German
Ancient Attic Greek variant of MELISSA.

MENODORA Μηνοδώρα f Ancient Greek
Means “gift of the moon”, derived from Greek μήνη (mene) meaning “moon” and δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”. This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred with her sisters Metrodora and Nymphodora.

METRODORA Μητροδώρα f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μήτηρ (meter) meaning “mother” (genitive μητρός) and δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”. This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr who was killed with her sisters Menodora and Nymphodora.

METROPHANES Μητροφάνης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μήτηρ (meter) meaning “mother” (genitive μητρός) and φανής (phanes) meaning “appearing”. Saint Metrophanes was the first bishop of Byzantium (4th century).

MILTIADES Μιλτιάδης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μίλτος (miltos) meaning “red earth” and the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This was the name of the general who led the Greek forces to victory against the Persians in the Battle of Marathon.

MNASON Μνάσων m Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Possibly means “reminding” in Greek. In Acts in the New Testament Paul stays in Jerusalem with a man named Mnason, a Jew who was originally from Cyprus.

MYRON Μύρων m English, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μύρον (myron) meaning “sweet oil, perfume”. Myron was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek sculptor. Saints bearing this name include a 3rd-century bishop of Crete and a 4th-century martyr from Cyzicus who was killed by a mob. These saints are more widely revered in the Eastern Church, and the name has generally been more common among Eastern Christians. As an English name, it has been used since the 19th century.

MYRRHINE Μυρρίνη f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μύρρα (myrrha) meaning “myrrh”.
MYRTO Μυρτώ f Greek, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
From Greek μύρτος (myrtos) meaning “myrtle”. This was the name of a few characters from Greek mythology, including one of the Maenads.

NEON Νέων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νέος (neos) meaning “new”.
NEOPHYTOS Νεόφυτος m Ancient Greek
Greek name meaning “newly planted”, from a word that was derived from νέος (neos) meaning “new” and φυτόν (phyton) meaning “plant”.

NEREUS Νηρεύς m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Derived from Greek νηρός (neros) meaning “water”. In Greek myth this was the name of a god of the sea, the father of the Nereids. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament, belonging to a Christian in Rome. This was also the name of a Roman saint of the 1st century, a member of the army, who was martyred with his companion Achilleus because they refused to execute Christians.

NICANDER Νίκανδρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of NIKANDROS.

NICANOR Νικάνωρ m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Spanish
From the Greek name Νικάνωρ (Nikanor), which was derived from νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man”. This name was borne by several notable officers from ancient Macedon.

NICOLAUS Νικόλαος m German, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Nikolaos (see NICHOLAS). This form is also used in Germany as a variant of NIKOLAUS.

NICOMEDES Νικομήδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of NIKOMEDES.

NICOSTRATUS Νικόστρατος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of NIKOSTRATOS.

NIKANDROS Νίκανδρος m Ancient Greek
Means “victory of a man” from the Greek elements νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and ἀνήρ (aner) meaning “man” (genitive ἀνδρός). This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek poet and grammarian from Colophon.

NIKANOR Νικάνωρ m Ancient Greek
Greek form of NICANOR.

NIKE Νίκη f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Means “victory” in Greek. Nike was the Greek goddess of victory.

NIKEPHOROS Νικηφόρος m & f Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means “carrying victory” from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and φέρω (phero) meaning “to carry, to bear”. This name was borne by several Byzantine emperors, including the 10th-century Nikephoros II Phokas. Besides being a masculine personal name, it was also a title borne by the goddess Athena.

NIKETAS Νικήτας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικητής (niketes) meaning “winner, victor”. Saint Niketas was a 4th-century bishop of Remesiana in Serbia. He is a patron saint of Romania.

NIKIAS Νικίας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory”. This was the name of an Athenian general who fought in the Peloponnesian war.

NIKODEMOS Νικόδημος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek form of NICODEMUS.

NIKOLAOS Νικόλαος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of NICHOLAS.

NIKOMACHOS Νικόμαχος m Ancient Greek
Means “battle of victory” from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and μάχη (mache) meaning “battle”.

NIKOMEDES Νικομήδης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and μήδομαι (medomai) meaning “to think, to plan”. This was the name of a 1st-century saint, a priest beaten to death for refusing to worship the Roman gods.

NIKON Νίκων m Ancient Greek, Russian
Derived from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory”.

NIKOSTRATOS Νικόστρατος m Ancient Greek
Means “army of victory” from Greek νίκη (nike) meaning “victory” and στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”. This was the name of a Roman saint martyred during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian at the end of the 3rd century.

NYMPHODORA Νυμφοδώρα f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νύμφη (nymphe) meaning “bride, nymph” and δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”. This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred with her sisters Menodora and Metrodora.

OLYMPIAS Ὀλυμπιάς f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of OLYMPOS. This was the name of the mother of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint.

OLYMPIODOROS Ὀλυμπιόδωρος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning “gift of Olympus”, derived from OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods, combined with δῶρον (doron) meaning “gift”.

OLYMPOS Ὄλυμπος m Ancient Greek
From a Greek personal name that was derived from the place name OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods.

ONESIMOS Ὀνήσιμος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of ONESIMUS.
ONESIPHOROS Ὀνησίφορος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek form of ONESIPHORUS.

ORIGENES Ὠριγένης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ORIGEN.

PAMPHILOS Πάμφιλος m Ancient Greek
Means “friend of all” from Greek πᾶν (pan) meaning “all” and φίλος (philos) meaning “friend”.

PANCRATIUS Παγκράτιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Παγκράτιος (Pankratios), derived from the Greek word παγκρατής (pankrates) meaning “all-powerful”, from the roots πᾶν (pan) meaning “all” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”. Early Byzantine Christians used this as a title of Christ. It was borne by two saints, a 1st-century Sicilian martyr and a semi-legendary 4th-century Roman martyr.

PANKRATIOS Παγκράτιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PANCRATIUS.
PANTALEON Πανταλέων m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements πᾶν (pan) meaning “all” (genitive παντός) and λέων (leon) meaning “lion”. This was the name of a 2nd-century BC king of Bactria. It was also borne by Saint Pantaleon (also called Panteleimon), a doctor from Asia Minor who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century. He is a patron saint of doctors and midwives.

PANTHER Πάνθηρ m Ancient Greek
Means “panther” in Greek.

PANTHERAS Πανθήρας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek πάνθηρ (panther) meaning “panther”, a word ultimately of Sanskrit origin, though folk etymology connects it to Greek πᾶν (pan) meaning “all” and θηράω (therao) meaning “to hunt”. According to some legends a Roman soldier named Panthera was the father of Jesus.

PARAMONOS Παράμονος m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek παραμονή (paramone) meaning “endurance, constancy”.

PELAGIA Πελαγία f Ancient Greek, Greek, Polish
Feminine form of PELAGIUS. This was the name of a few early saints, including a young 4th-century martyr who threw herself from a rooftop in Antioch rather than lose her virginity.

PELAGIOS Πελάγιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PELAGIUS.
PELAGIUS Πελάγιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Πελάγιος (Pelagios), which was derived from πέλαγος (pelagos) meaning “the sea”. This was the name of several saints and two popes.

PERICLES Περικλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Περικλῆς (Perikles), which was derived from the Greek elements περί (peri) meaning “around, exceedingly” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian statesman and general.

PERIKLES Περικλῆς m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PERICLES.

PHAEDRUS Φαῖδρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φαῖδρος (Phaidros), which meant “bright”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek philosopher, and also of a 1st-century Roman fabulist who was originally a slave from Thrace.

PHAIDROS Φαῖδρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PHAEDRUS.

PHERENIKE Φερενίκη f Ancient Greek
Ancient Attic Greek form of BERENICE.

PHILANDROS Φίλανδρος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PHILANDER.

PHILE Φίλη f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Philon (see PHILO).

PHILIPPOS Φίλιππος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHILIP.

PHILO Φίλων m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Φίλων (Philon), which was derived from φίλος (philos) meaning “lover, friend”. This was the name of a 1st-century Hellenistic Jewish philosopher and theologian from Alexandria.

PHILOKRATES Φιλοκράτης m Ancient Greek
Means “friend of power” from Greek φίλος (philos) meaning “lover, friend” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”.

PHILON Φίλων m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PHILO.

PHILOTHEOS Φιλόθεος m Ancient Greek
Means “friend of god” from Greek φίλος (philos) meaning “lover, friend” and θεός (theos) meaning “god”.

PHOCAS Φωκᾶς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φωκᾶς (Phokas), which meant “seal (animal)” from Greek φώκη (phoke). This was the name of an early saint and martyr from Asia Minor. Sentenced to death for being a Christian, he is said to have given his killers lodging and then dug his own grave before he was executed.

PHOIBE Φοίβη f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHOEBE.

PHOIBOS Φοῖβος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of PHOEBUS.

PHOKAS Φωκᾶς m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PHOCAS.

PHOTINA Φωτίνη f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of PHOTINE.

PHOTINE Φωτίνη f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek φῶς (phos) meaning “light” (genitive φωτός (photos)). This is the name traditionally given to the Samaritan woman Jesus met at the well (see John 4:7). She is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Church.

PHOTIOS Φώτιος m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek φῶς (phos) meaning “light” (genitive φωτός (photos)).

PLATO Πλάτων m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Πλάτων (Platon), which was derived from Greek πλατύς (platys) meaning “broad-shouldered”. Plato was one of the most important of the Greek philosophers. He was a pupil of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. He constructed the theory of Forms and wrote several works, including the Republic.

PLATON Πλάτων m Ancient Greek, Greek, Russian
Greek form of PLATO.

PLOUTARCHOS Πλούταρχος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PLUTARCH.

POLYCARP Πολύκαρπος m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Πολύκαρπος (Polykarpos) meaning “fruitful, rich in fruit”, ultimately from Greek πολύς (polys) meaning “much” and καρπός (karpos) meaning “fruit”. Saint Polycarp was a 2nd-century bishop of Smyrna who was martyred by being burned at the stake and then stabbed.

POLYKARPOS Πολύκαρπος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of POLYCARP.

PORPHYRIOS Πορφύριος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PORFIRIO.

PRAXITELES Πραξιτέλης m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements πρᾶξις (praxis) meaning “action, exercise” and τέλος (telos) meaning “aim, goal”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC sculptor from Athens.

PROCHOROS Πρόχορος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PROCHORUS.

PROKOPIOS Προκόπιος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek προκοπή (prokope) meaning “progress, advance”. Saint Prokopios was an early Christian martyr who was beheaded in Palestine during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.

PTOLEMAIOS Πτολεμαῖος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PTOLEMY.

PTOLEMAIS Πτολεμαΐς f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Ptolemaios (see PTOLEMY).

PYRRHOS Πύρρος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of PYRRHUS.

PYRRHUS Πύρρος m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Πύρρος (Pyrrhos) meaning “flame-coloured, red”, related to πῦρ (pyr) meaning “fire”. This was another name of Neoptolemus the son of Achilles. This was also the name of a 3rd-century BC king of Epirus who was famed for his victorious yet costly battles against Rome.

PYTHAGORAS Πυθαγόρας m Ancient Greek
Derived from PYTHIOS, a name of Apollo, combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora) meaning “assembly, marketplace”. This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician from Samos. He was the founder of a school of philosophy whose members believed that numbers described the universe.

RHODE Ῥόδη f Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Greek form of RHODA.

RHODOPIS Ῥοδῶπις f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ῥόδον (rhodon) meaning “rose” and ὄψ (ops) meaning “face, eye”. According to Herodotus this was the name of a prostitute who was a slave with Aesop on Samos. The same figure appears in the 1st-century BC writings of Strabo, which recount the tale of a slave named Rhodopis who marries the Egyptian pharaoh after he finds her sandal and has his men locate the owner. Some sources spell her name as Rhodope.

RHOXANE Ῥωξάνη f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ROXANA.

ROXANA Ῥωξάνη f English, Spanish, Romanian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latin form of Ῥωξάνη (Rhoxane), the Greek form of the Persian or Bactrian name روشنک (Roshanak), which meant “bright” or “dawn”. This was the name of Alexander the Great’s first wife, a daughter of the Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes. In the modern era it came into use during the 17th century. In the English-speaking world it was popularized by Daniel Defoe, who used it in his novel Roxana (1724).

SAPPHO Σαπφώ f Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σάπφειρος (sappheiros) meaning “sapphire” or “lapis lazuli”. This was the name of a 7th-century BC Greek poetess from Lesbos.

SELEUCUS Σέλευκος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σέλευκος (Seleukos), of unknown meaning. It is possibly related to λευκός (leukos) meaning “bright, white”. This was the name of one of Alexander the Great’s generals, who established the Seleucid Empire in Western Asia after Alexander’s death.

SELEUKOS Σέλευκος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of SELEUCUS.
SIMON (2) Σίμων m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek σιμός (simos) meaning “flat-nosed”. In Greek mythology this was the name of one of the Telchines, demigods who were the original inhabitants of Rhodes.

SIMONIDES Σιμωνίδης m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek σιμός (simos) meaning “flat-nosed” and the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This name was borne by the 7th-century BC iambic poet Simonides of Amorgos and the 6th-century BC lyric poet Simonides of Ceos.

SOCRATES Σωκράτης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σωκράτης (Sokrates), which was derived from σῶς (sos) meaning “whole, unwounded, safe” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”. This was the name of an important Greek philosopher. He left no writings of his own; virtually everything that we know of his beliefs comes from his pupil Plato. He was sentenced to death for impiety.

SOKRATES Σωκράτης m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of SOCRATES.

SOLON Σόλων m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σόλος (solos) meaning “lump of iron”. This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.

SOPHIA Σοφία f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
Means “wisdom” in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia “Holy Wisdom”, which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople…. [more]

SOPHOCLES Σοφοκλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σοφοκλῆς (Sophokles), which was derived from Greek σοφός (sophos) meaning “skilled, clever” and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. Sophocles was a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet.

SOPHOKLES Σοφοκλῆς m Ancient Greek
Greek form of SOPHOCLES.

SOPHOS Σόφος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of SOPHUS.

SOPHUS Σόφος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σόφος (Sophos) meaning “skilled, clever”.

SOSIGENES Σωσιγένης m Ancient Greek
Means “born safely” from Greek σῶς (sos) meaning “safe, whole, unwounded” and γενής (genes) meaning “born”. This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.

SOSTRATE Σωστράτη f Ancient Greek
Means “safe army” from Greek σῶς (sos) meaning “safe, whole, unwounded” and στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”.

STEPHANOS Στέφανος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Greek
Greek form of STEPHEN. In Modern Greek it is usually transcribed Stefanos.

STRATON Στράτων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek στρατός (stratos) meaning “army”. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek philosopher.

SYNTYCHE Συντύχη f Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from συντυχία (syntychia) meaning “occurrence, event”. This is the name of a woman mentioned in Paul’s epistle to the Philippians in the New Testament.

TELESPHOROS Τελεσφόρος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of TÉLESPHORE.

TELESPHORUS Τελεσφόρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Telesphoros (see TÉLESPHORE).

THAÏS Θαΐς f Ancient Greek
Possibly means “bandage” in Greek. This was the name of a companion of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint from Alexandria, a wealthy socialite who became a Christian convert, though in her case the name may have had a distinct Coptic origin. She has been a popular subject of art and literature, including an 1891 novel by Anatole France and an 1894 opera by Jules Massenet.

THAIS Θαΐς f Ancient Greek
Alternate transcription of Ancient Greek Θαΐς (see THAÏS).

THALES Θαλῆς m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θάλλω (thallo) meaning “to blossom”. This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician.

THEMISTOCLES Θεμιστοκλῆς m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεμιστοκλῆς (Themistokles) meaning “glory of the law”, from θέμις (themis) meaning “law of nature, divine law” (genitive θέμιστος) and κλέος (kleos) meaning “glory”. This was the name of an Athenian statesman and general who was victorious over the Persians in the Battle of Salamis.

THEMISTOKLES Θεμιστοκλῆς m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of THEMISTOCLES.

THEOCRITUS Θεόκριτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Θεόκριτος (Theokritos), a Greek name meaning “judge of god” from θεός (theos) meaning “god” and κριτής (krites) meaning “judge, critic”. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek poet.

THEODORA Θεοδώρα f English, Greek, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of THEODORE. This name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by several empresses including the influential wife of Justinian in the 6th century.
THEODOROS Θεόδωρος m Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEODORE.

THEODORUS Θεόδωρος m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Dutch
Latinized form of the Greek name Theodoros (see THEODORE).

THEODOSIA Θεοδοσία f Ancient Greek, Greek
Feminine form of THEODOSIUS.

THEODOSIOS Θεοδόσιος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEODOSIUS.

THEODOSIUS Θεοδόσιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδόσιος (Theodosios) meaning “giving to god”, derived from θεός (theos) meaning “god” and δόσις (dosis) meaning “giving”. Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.

THEODOTOS Θεόδοτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEODOTUS.

THEODOTUS Θεόδοτος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεόδοτος (Theodotos) meaning “given to god”, derived from θεός (theos) meaning “god” and δοτός (dotos) meaning “given”. This name belonged to several early saints and martyrs.

THEODOULOS Θεόδουλος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEODULUS.

THEODULUS Θεόδουλος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεόδουλος (Theodoulos) meaning “slave of god”, derived from θεός (theos) meaning “god” and δοῦλος (doulos) meaning “slave”. This name was borne by several early saints.

THEOKLEIA Θεόκλεια f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of THEKLA.

THEOKRITOS Θεόκριτος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEOCRITUS.

THEOPHANES Θεοφάνης m Ancient Greek
Means “manifestation of God” from Greek θεός (theos) meaning “god” and φανής (phanes) meaning “appearing”. This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan) in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.

THEOPHANIA Θεοφάνια f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of THEOPHANES.

THEOPHILA Θεοφίλα f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of THEOPHILUS.

THEOPHILOS Θεόφιλος m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of THEOPHILUS.

THEOPHILUS Θεόφιλος m Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεόφιλος (Theophilos) meaning “friend of god”, derived from θεός (theos) meaning “god” and φίλος (philos) meaning “friend”. In the New Testament the evangelist Luke addresses his gospel and the Book of Acts to a man named Theophilus.

THEOPHYLAKTOS Θεοφύλακτος m Ancient Greek
Means “watched by god” from Greek θεός (theos) meaning “god” and φυλακτέος (phylakteos) meaning “to be watched”. Saint Theophylaktos was a 9th-century bishop of Nicomedia who was banished to Caria.

THEOTIMOS Θεότιμος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THEOTIMUS.

THEOTIMUS Θεότιμος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεότιμος (Theotimos) meaning “honouring god”, derived from the elements θεός (theos) meaning “god” and τιμάω (timao) meaning “to honour”. Saint Theotimus was a 4th-century bishop of Tomi in Scythia.

THERON Θήρων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θηράω (therao) meaning “to hunt”.

THOUKYDIDES Θουκυδίδης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of THUCYDIDES.

THUCYDIDES Θουκυδίδης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Means “glory of god”, from the Greek name Θουκυδίδης (Thoukydides), derived from θεός (theos) meaning “god” (genitive θεοῦ) and κῦδος (kydos) meaning “glory” with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides). This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian historian.

TIMAEUS Τίμαιος m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Τίμαιος (Timaios), derived from τιμάω (timao) meaning “to honour”. This is the name of one of Plato’s dialogues, featuring Timaeus and Socrates. Timaeus is also the name of a person mentioned briefly in the New Testament (Mark 10:46).

TIMAIOS Τίμαιος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TIMAEUS.

TIMO (3) Τιμώ f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of TIMON.

TIMON Τίμων m Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Dutch
Derived from Greek τιμάω (timao) meaning “to honour, to esteem”. It appears briefly in the New Testament. This is also the name of the main character in Shakespeare’s tragedy Timon of Athens (1607).

TIMOTEUS Τιμόθεος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Variant of TIMOTHEUS.

TIMOTHEA Τιμοθέα f Ancient Greek, Greek
Feminine form of TIMOTHY.

TIMOTHEOS Τιμόθεος m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TIMOTHY.

TRYPHAINA Τρύφαινα f Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of TRYPHENA.

TRYPHON Τρύφων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφή (tryphe) meaning “softness, delicacy”. Saint Tryphon, a gooseherder from Syria, was martyred in the 3rd century.

TRYPHOSA Τρυφῶσα f Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφή (tryphe) meaning “softness, delicacy”. In the New Testament this name is mentioned briefly as belonging to a companion of Tryphena.

TYCHON Τύχων m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
From Greek τυγχάνω (tynchano) meaning “hit the mark, succeed”. This was the name of a minor deity associated with Priapus in Greek mythology. It was also borne by a 5th-century saint from Cyprus.

XANTHE Ξανθή f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξανθός (xanthos) meaning “yellow” or “fair hair”. This was the name of a few minor figures in Greek mythology.

XANTHIPPE Ξανθίππη f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of XANTHIPPOS. This was the name of the wife of Socrates. Because of her supposedly argumentative nature, the name has been adopted (in the modern era) as a word for a scolding, ill-tempered woman.

XANTHIPPOS Ξάνθιππος m Ancient Greek
From the Greek elements ξανθός (xanthos) meaning “yellow” and ἵππος (hippos) meaning “horse”. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian general.

XANTHOS Ξάνθος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
From Greek ξανθός (xanthos) meaning “yellow”. This is the name of several figures, mostly minor, in Greek mythology.

XENAGORAS Ξεναγόρας m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξένος (xenos) meaning “foreign, strange” and ἀγορά (agora) meaning “assembly, marketplace”. This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek historian.

XENIA Ξενία f Greek, Ancient Greek
Means “hospitality” in Greek, a derivative of ξένος (xenos) meaning “foreigner, guest”. This was the name of a 5th-century saint who is venerated in the Eastern Church.

XENO Ξενώ f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of XENON.

XENOCRATES Ξενοκράτης m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ξενοκράτης (Xenokrates), which was derived from ξένος (xenos) meaning “foreigner, guest” and κράτος (kratos) meaning “power”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.

XENOKRATES Ξενοκράτης m Ancient Greek
Greek form of XENOCRATES.

XENON Ξένων m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξένος (xenos) meaning “foreigner, guest”.

XENOPHON Ξενοφῶν m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξένος (xenos) meaning “foreign, strange” and φωνή (phone) meaning “voice”. This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek historian.

ZENAIS Ζηναΐς f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek variant of ZENAIDA.

ZENO Ζήνων m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Italian
From the Greek name Ζήνων (Zenon), which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS (the poetic form of his name being Ζήν). Zeno was the name of two famous Greek philosophers: Zeno of Elea and Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Stoic school in Athens.

ZENOBIA Ζηνοβία f Ancient Greek
Means “life of Zeus”, derived from Greek Ζηνός (Zenos) meaning “of ZEUS” and βίος (bios) meaning “life”. This was the name of a 3rd-century queen of Palmyra. After claiming the title Queen of the East and expanding her realm into Roman territory she was defeated by Emperor Aurelian. Her Greek name was used as an approximation of her native Aramaic name.

ZENOBIOS Ζηνόβιος m Ancient Greek
Masculine form of ZENOBIA.

ZENON Ζήνων m Ancient Greek, Polish
Ancient Greek form of ZENO, as well as the modern Polish form.

ZEPHYROS Ζέφυρος m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ZEPHYR.

ZOE Ζωή f English, Italian, German, Ancient Greek
Means “life” in Greek. From early times it was adopted by Hellenized Jews as a translation of EVE. It was borne by two early Christian saints, one martyred under Emperor Hadrian, the other martyred under Diocletian. The name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by a ruling empress of the 11th century…. [more]

ZOPYROS Ζώπυρος m Ancient Greek
Means “glowing” in Greek. This was the name of a Persian nobleman who aided his king Darius in the capture of Babylon. He did this by mutilating himself and then going to the Babylonians claiming that it had been Darius who did it to him. After gaining their trust he betrayed them.

ZOSIME Ζωσίμη f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Zosimos (see ZOSIMUS).

ZOSIMOS Ζώσιμος m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ZOSIMUS.

ZOSIMUS Ζώσιμος m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ζώσιμος (Zosimos), a Greek name derived from ζώσιμος (zosimos) meaning “viable” or “likely to survive”. This was the name of several early saints and a pope.

ZOTICUS Ζωτικός m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ζωτικός (Zotikos), derived from ζωτικός (zotikos) meaning “full of life”. This was the name of several early saints.

ZOTIKOS Ζωτικός m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ZOTICUS.

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